SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -- The home of the San Francisco Giants became the first city in the nation to outlaw chewing tobacco from its playing fields.
Mayor Ed Lee on Friday signed into law an ordinance to prohibit the use of smokeless tobacco at athletic venues, specifically singling out baseball, which has a long history of players masticating and spitting tobacco juice in view of children who worship them.
The San Francisco ordinance is part of an overall push by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, based in Washington, D.C., which targeted the city and California to promote its anti-smoking efforts. An even more expansive bill outlawing all tobacco use, including electronic cigarettes and smokeless tobacco, wherever an organized game of baseball is played in California is making its way through the Assembly.
"Today, San Francisco entered the history books as the first city to take tobacco out of baseball. The home of the World Champion Giants has set an example that all of Major League Baseball and the rest of the country should quickly follow," said Matthew L. Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.
Smokeless tobacco includes moist snuff and chewing tobacco.
Use of smokeless tobacco has been prohibited in the minor leagues since June 15, 1993. Because major leaguers are unionized, Major League Baseball can't ban it without an agreement with the Major League Baseball Players Association. Under the current labor contract, players, managers and coaches cannot chew tobacco during interviews, and they can't carry tobacco while wearing a uniform when fans are in the ballpark.
Major League Baseball said it supports the efforts of the city of San Francisco "to protect our nation's youth by eliminating smokeless tobacco products from all ballparks."
"We're aware of the signing of the law and have no public comment at this time," said players' union spokesman Greg Bouris said.
Nearly 15 percent of boys in U.S. high schools currently use smokeless tobacco, and use is even higher among students who play organized sports than among non-athletes, according to a recent report by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco. The use of smokeless tobacco increases the risk of cancer, gum disease and addiction to nicotine, the report states.
San Francisco now prohibits smoking, including the use of electronic cigarettes, at sports arenas, fields, parks and stadiums. Jess Montejano, an aide to Farrell, said a ban on smokeless tobacco would be enforced the same way as regular smoking: by posting signs and removing violators from premises.
AT&T Park is home to the 2014 World Series champions, the San Francisco Giants.
The ordinance will take effect Jan. 1.